Atomic Number

Each atom of a specific element contains the same number of protons. For example, all the atoms of carbon contain 6 protons in their nucleus.

The number of protons in an atom of an element is called Atomic number.

 

Each element has a unique atomic number, which is also used to arrange the elements in the Periodic Table.

carbon

 

Atomic Number = Number of protons
                          = 6

Carbon has 6 protons; therefore the atomic number of carbon is 6.