Covalent Bond

When atoms share pairs of electrons,
they form covalent bonds.

 

These bonds between atoms are strong.

 

View this animation to see how covalent bond is formed:

 


 

Dot-Cross Diagrams of Covalent Compounds

 

Hydrogen (H2)

H

 

Water (H2O)

H

 

Hydrogen Chloride (HCl)

H

 

Oxygen (O2)

H

 

Methane (CH4)

H

 

 

Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

H